Thursday, 20 September 2018

Candle lighting times for Shabbat & Sukkot.

Welcome to our candle-lighting section where you will find candle-lighting times, blessings, instructions, practices, traditions, greetings and expressions.

 lulav etrog sets

Candle lighting times for Shabbat

 Daylight Saving Adjusted

Friday 21/9/18

Lighting

Saturday 22/9/18

Ending

Sunday 23/9/18

Lighting

Monday 24/9/18

Ending

Jerusalem 5.57
7.12 5.55 7.10
Tel Aviv 5.57
7.12 5.55 7.10
Haifa 6.09
7.14 6.06 7.11
Raanana 6.17
7.14 6.14 7.11
Beit Shemesh 5.58
7.13 5.56 7.11
Beer Sheva 6.17
7.14 6.14 7.11
Eilat 6.16
7.12 6.14 7.10
      Candles and other blessings for Sukkot

 

Candle lighting times are sourced from Chabad

Parshat HaShavua - HaAzinu By Rav Nissim Mordechai Makor

The Jewish Tradition

According to Jewish traditions, our Matriarch Sarah. the wife of Abraham, would light the candles in her home, on the eve of the Shabbat.  The candles miraculously burned all week, from one Friday to the next.

Abraham was known for his hospitality and so the light of Sarah's candles lit their home and welcomed the guests that visited them throughout the week.

When Sarah died, her Shabbat candles were extinguished. Years later, Isaac, the son of Sarah and Abraham, noticed that the Shabbat candles of his prospective wife, Rebecca, also burned for an entire week, from one Shabbat to another.  When he saw this he understood that Rebecca was Sarah's righteous successor, and so he married her.

Why do we light candles?

Our Sages implemented the lighting of Shabbat and holiday candles for several reasons.

Peace in the Home: Shabbat and holidays are intended to be peaceful. We light our home so that we should not stumble in the darkness, something which would create an un-peaceful effect.

Honoring the Day: We add light in the home to honor the Shabbat Queen.

Pleasure: To fully enjoy the Shabbat delicacies, we must be able to see our food

Lighting Up

Before they are married, women and girls light one candle. After they are married, women light at least two candles. Some add an additional candle for each child: e.g., a woman with four children lights six candles.

If no woman (i.e. over the age of bat mitzvah) is present in the home, a man should light the candles.

Blessings for Shabbat candles: Hebrew, English & Transliteration

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אַדֹנָ-י אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל שַׁבָּת קֹדֶשׁ

English Translation: Blessed are you, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the light of the Holy Shabbat.

Transliteration: Baruch a-ta A-do-nay Elo-hei-nu me-lech ha-o-lam a-sher ki-di-sha-nu bi-mitz-vo-tav vi-tzi-va-noo li-had-leek ner shel Sha-bat ko-desh.

 

Ha-Motzi - The blessing for bread

On Shabbat we eat Challah (South African Jews call it Kitke - but that's another story), a sweet, braided loaf.  The blessing over the bread is called Hamotzi.  These are the words for Hamotzi - a blessing that gives thanks over the bread. 

ברוך אתה יי, אלוהנו מלך העולם, המוציא לחם מן הארץ

English Transliteration: Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech haolam, Hamotzi lechem min haaretz.

 Translation:  Our praise to You, Eternal our God, Sovereign of the universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth

 

Blessings on Festival Candles

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אַדֹנָ-י אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל יום טוב

English Translation: Blessed are you, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the light of the holiday

Transliteration: Baruch a-ta A-do-nay Elo-hei-nu me-lech ha-o-lam a-sher ki-di-sha-nu bi-mitz-vo-tav vi-tzi-va-noo li-had-leek ner shel Yom Tov.

 

On the first night of a festival it is customary to recite the Shehechiyanu blessing, after the blessing for the candles, as follows:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִיעָנוּ לַזְּמַן הַזֶּה

English Translation: Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the Universe, who has granted us life, sustained us and enabled us to reach this occasion.

Transliteration: Baruch Atah Adonay E-loi-hei-nu Me-lech ha-o-lam she-he-chee-ya-nu v'ki-yi-ma-nu vi-hi-gi-ya-nu liz-man ha-zeh.

 

Rosh Hashanah blessings

Blessing on the Challah, apples & honey as well as all the other Simanim for Rosh Hashanah...

Blessings for Yom Kippur

Candles

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אַדֹנָ-י אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל יום הכיפורים

Blessed are you, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the light of Yom Kippur

Transliteration: Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu melech haolam asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu l'hadlik neir shel yom hakippurim.

Shehechiyanu

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִיעָנוּ לַזְּמַן הַזֶּה

English Translation: Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the Universe, who has granted us life, sustained us and enabled us to reach this occasion.

Transliteration: Baruch Atah Adonay E-loi-hei-nu Me-lech ha-o-lam she-he-chee-ya-nu v'ki-yi-ma-nu vi-hi-gi-ya-nu liz-man ha-zeh.

Note: After lighting the candles, the holiday and the Yom Kippur fast officially begin

 

There are five sets of candles that one may have to light for Yom Kippur.

1. The regular Yom Tov candles. These are the candles one lights before the onset of any Shabbat or Chag. Recite the blessing “…Lhadlik Ner Shel Yom Hakippurim” as well as Shecheyanu

2. Many light a “yahrtzeit” or memorial candle for relatives who have passed away. These burn for 24 hours and are lit, at home before the Yom Kippur candles.

3. There is a custom to light a “ner bari”, a candle for the living which is ltt by each married male and is intended to last the entire Yom Kippur. 

4. The Shulchan Aruch writes that we should light many candles in the synagogue on Yom Kippur out of respect for the day.

5.  When making Havdala after Yom Kippur one is obligated to use a “ner sheshavas”, light that rested, which requires that one use as their Havdala candle on Motzai Yom Kippur a flame that has been burning from before Yom Kippur

 

Blessings for Simchat Torah

The Candles

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אַדֹנָ-י אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל יום טוב

English Translation: Blessed are you, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the light of the holiday

Transliteration: Baruch a-ta A-do-nay Elo-hei-nu me-lech ha-o-lam a-sher ki-di-sha-nu bi-mitz-vo-tav vi-tzi-va-noo li-had-leek ner shel Yom Tov.

 

We also recite Shehechiyanu

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִיעָנוּ לַזְּמַן הַזֶּה

English Translation: Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the Universe, who has granted us life, sustained us and enabled us to reach this occasion.

Transliteration: Baruch Atah Adonay E-loi-hei-nu Me-lech ha-o-lam she-he-chee-ya-nu v'ki-yi-ma-nu vi-hi-gi-ya-nu liz-man ha-zeh.

 

Shabbat & Festival Greetings & Expressions

In Israel, on Thursday, you will already hear people wishing each other a 'Shabbat Shalom'

Shabbat Shalom - שבת שלום - A peaceful Sabbath

When the Sabbath comes to an end on Saturday after sunset, it is customary to wish each other 'Shavua Tov'

Shavua Tov - שבוע טוב - Have a good week

Chag Sameach - חג שמח - Happy holidays

Shanah Tovah - שנה טובה - Happy New Year

Gmar Hatimah Tovah - גמר חתימה טובה - May you be inscribed in the Book of Life

Moadim L'Simcha - מועדים לשמחה - Times of joy (during the intermediate days of Pesach and Sukkot)

 

Improve your Hebrew, learn more traditional greetings and expressions with Hebrew, English & transliterations...

Blessings for Rosh Hashanah and the symbols/simanim

Find out more about the Israel clothing habits and customs for ultra-orthodox, religious and secular Jews

Delicious food - traditional Jewish recipes for Sabbath and festivals

Yom Kippur - 25 hours of fasting.  Fasting tips from The Soroka Medical Center

 

Know who's near! Locate Anglo professional services in your area

 

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