Elementary, Middle School & High School
An overview of education in Israel
The Ministry of Education (Misrad HaChinuch) is responsible for determining and implementing education policies and for overseeing state, state religious and independent education systems.
Types of schools in Israel
Schools in Israel are divided into four types:
- State schools - The majority of Israeli children attend these
- State-religious – catering to the religious sector
- Haredi (ultra orthodox) schools – these schools act independently but must adhere to the curriculum determined by the Ministry of Education in order to receive funding
- Arab schools - offer a curriculum that emphasizes Arab history, religion and culture
The academic year
In Israel the school’s academic year begins on 1 September. Elementary schools end on 30th June. Middle schools or high schools end their academic year on 20th June.
First Grade - Twelfth Grade
Primary School or Elementary School
Primary or elementary school is from grades one through to grade six; approximately ages 6-12.
A moadonit (mo’a’don’it) is an after school program that children can attend and it also includes a meal. There is an additional fee for this. This may also be referred to as a "tzaharon".
Junior High or Middle School
Grades seven, eight, and nine; approximately ages 12-15
High School or Secondary School
Grades ten through twelve; approximately ages 15-18. There are three main types of secondary schools:
- Academic high schools that prepare students to take the national matriculation examination in order to enter university
- Vocational high schools
- Agricultural high schools
School subjects are studied in modules and a student requires at least 21 modules to get a bagrut - Israel matriculation certificate. If your child was unable to pass the minimum number of modules in order to get their bagrut certificate, they will be able to repeat some of the subjects later on in the year - this is referred to as "Mo-ed Bet" and "Mo-ed Gimmel". If they are still unsuccessful then they will have to complete their bagrut at a private college in their own time.
Learning & Educational Resources